Abbreviation - shortened form of a written word or phrase used in place of the whole word or phrase. For example, “Amt” is an abbreviation for “amount.”
Acronym - a word (such as NATO, radar, or laser) formed from the initial letter or letters of each of the successive parts or major parts of a compound term.
Emoticon - a group of keyboard characters (such as :-)) that typically represents a facial expression or suggests an attitude or emotion and that is used especially in computerized communications (such as e-mail).
Emoji - any of various small images, symbols, or icons used in text fields in electronic communication (as in text messages, e-mail, and social media) to express the emotional attitude of the writer, convey information succinctly, communicate a message playfully without using words, etc. See emojipedia.
ASCII art - text art is one of the arts enabled by the computer age. It’s about making text pictures with text symbols. For example,
Limit of characters for SMS stimulated usage of shorter forms of common phrases, for example, ASAP (as soon as possible), 2 (to), 4 (for), y (why), r (are), u (you), etc.
The need to type fast stimulated usage of shorter forms of common phrases, for example, brb (be right back), AFK (away from keyboard), etc.
Text is a poor medium for casual conversation because a lot of nonverbal information is lost (gestures, facial expression, voice tone, body language), to compensate this people come up with emoticons, for example,
:-). Later idea of emoticons transformed into Emojis.
Online communities gave birth to a lot of slang and phenomena jargon, for example troll (someone who deliberately pisses people off online to get a reaction), lurker (someone that follows the forum but doesn’t post).
- an idea, behavior, style, or usage that spreads from person to person within a culture.
- an amusing or interesting item (such as a captioned picture or video) or genre of items that is spread widely online especially through social media.
Some internet slang refers to memes.
When you deal with the internet you have to face some technological jargon, for example, router, switch, network, domain, handle, etc.